Albemarle Sound is a large estuary on the coast of North Carolina in the United States located at the confluence of a group of rivers, including the Chowan and Roanoke. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Outer Banks, a long barrier peninsula upon which the town of Kitty Hawk is located, at the eastern edge of the sound. Roanoke Island is situated at the southeastern corner of the sound, where it connects to Pamlico Sound. Much of the water in the Albemarle Sound is brackish or fresh, as opposed to the saltwater of the ocean, as a result of river water pouring into the sound.
Some small portions of the Albemarle have been given their own “sound” names to distinguish these bodies of water from other parts of the large estuary. The Croatan Sound, for instance, lies between mainland Dare County and Roanoke Island. The eastern shore of the island to the Outer Banks is commonly referred to as the Roanoke Sound. The long stretch of water from near the Virginia state line south to around the Currituck County southern boundary is known as the Currituck Sound.
The sound forms part of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. Its coast saw the first permanent English settlements in what became North Carolina, the Albemarle Settlements. Many inland tidewater communities along the Albemarle today are part of the Inner Banks region of the state.
Hertford is a town in Perquimans County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 2,070 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Perquimans County. Hertford is located in North Carolina’s Inner Banks region. Hertford houses a CIA training facility known as Harvey Point.
Hertford was originally incorporated in 1758 as the county seat for Perquimans county, first inhabited by the Yeopim Indians. Stretching from the Albemarle Sound to the Great Dismal Swamp, Perquimans means “Land of Beautiful Women.” The area was first settled in the late 1600s and its first building, the Newbold White House, is thought to be the oldest structure in the state.
Through the first part of the 20th century, Hertford thrived as a lumber town, making good use of the nearby river. The original bridge that spanned the river was a floating bridge, comprised of steel and wood. When a boat came near and wanted passage, the bridge would be unhooked from one bank and allowed to float out of the way. Then, when the boat had passed, lines were used to haul the free end of the bridge in and reconnect it. Today, an S-shaped swing bridge is in use, the only one of its kind in the world.
Today, agriculture is the chief industry of the area. Most people are familiar with Hertford for its famous residents. It is the hometown of notable baseball pitcher Catfish Hunter. Disc jockey Wolfman Jack is buried in Hertford and the record company he started is still located there. History has been well-preserved and many of the early houses in Hertford still survive, marked with the names of their original owners and the year they were built. They are the focus of the annual walking tour and the pride of their owners.
Hertford is part of the Elizabeth City, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area